Hemiphileurus illatus (LeConte, 1854) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Hemiphileurus illatus (LeConte, 1854)
Phileurus illatus LeConte, 1854 (original combination).
Phileurus vitulus LeConte, 1863 (synonym).
Phileurus Phoenicus Casey, 1915 (synonym).
Phileurus puncticollis Casey, 1915 (synonym).
Hemiphileurus illatus mexicanus Endrödi, 1978 (synonym).

Hemiphileurus_illatus_male_1

Description: 15.9-25.0mm in size, occurring in western US states of southern California to western Texas and western Mexico.

*Pictured specimen is reared male.

Related Species:
1. Phileurus valgus (Olivier, 1789)
2. Phileurus truncatus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809)
3. Hemiphileurus illatus (LeConte, 1854)
4. Eophileurus chinensis (Faldermann, 1835)

References:
Ratcliffe, B. C. and R. D. Cave. 2017. The dynastine scarab beetles of the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 30: 1-298.

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Phileurus truncatus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Phileurus truncatus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809)
Scarabaeus truncatus Palisot de Beauvois, 1806 (original combination).
Phileurus recurvatus Casey, 1915 (synonym).

Phileurus_truncatus_male

Collection Sites: Texas: Sabine County: Hemphill

Descriptions: Adults attracted to light. Size is around 28.5-39.3 (Ratcliffe and Cave 2017).

Related Species:
1. Phileurus valgus (Olivier, 1789)
2. Phileurus truncatus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809)
3. Hemiphileurus illatus (LeConte, 1854)
4. Eophileurus chinensis (Faldermann, 1835)

References:
Ratcliffe, B. C. and R. D. Cave. 2017. The dynastine scarab beetles of the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 30: 1-298.

Strategus splendens (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Strategus splendens (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809)
Scarabaeus splendens Palisot de Beauvois 1809 (original combination).
Scarabaeus boscii Palisot de Beauvois 1809 (synonym).
Anastrategus cognatus Casey 1915 (synonym).
Anastrategus carolinensis Casey 1915 (synonym).

web_Ssplendens_m

 

Description: Strategus splendens (Palisot de Beauvois) is known to occur from southeastern USA (Ratcliffe 1976; Ratcliffe and Cave 2017). Kim and Brou (2018) reported S. splendens for the first time based on a single record, a male from the collection of Louisiana State Arthropod Museum, dated 10 June 1958, Baton Rouge, LA. The pictured specimen is from East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, deposited in Louisiana State Arthropod Museum (Baton Rouge, LA, USA).

Related Species:
1. Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
2. Strategus antaeus (Drury, 1773)
3. Strategus splendens (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809)

References:

Kim, J. and V. A. Brou, Jr. 2018. The Genus Strategus Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae) in Louisiana. The Southern Lepidopterists’ News, 40, 100-105.

Ratcliffe, B. C. 1976. A revision of the genus Strategus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 10: 93-204.

Ratcliffe, B. C. and R. D. Cave. 2017. The dynastine scarab beetles of the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 30: 1-298.

Strategus antaeus (Drury, 1773) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Strategus antaeus (Drury, 1773)
Scarabaeus antaeus Drury 1773 (original combination).
Scarabaeus maimon Fabricius 1775 (synonym).
Strategus divergens Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus atrolucens Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus pinorum Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus septentrionis Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus sinuatus Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus semistriatus Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus antaeus houstonensis Knaus 1925 (synonym).

web_Santaeus_mf

 

Description: Strategus antaeus (Drury) is known to occur in eastern USA west to Oklahoma and Texas (Ratcliffe 1976) with first report by Ratcliffe and Cave (2017) from Louisiana based upon a series of specimens previously collected in Natchitoches Parish by Junsuk Kim (Kim and Brou 2018). Kim and Brou (2018) stated S. antaeus adults in Louisiana actively flies from May to September with peak adult flight ranges from the last week of May to the first week of June. The pictured specimens are from Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana.

Related Species:
1. Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
2. Strategus antaeus (Drury, 1773)
3. Strategus splendens (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809)

References:

Kim, J. and V. A. Brou, Jr. 2018. The Genus Strategus Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae) in Louisiana. The Southern Lepidopterists’ News, 40, 100-105.

Ratcliffe, B. C. 1976. A revision of the genus Strategus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 10: 93-204.

Ratcliffe, B. C. and R. D. Cave. 2017. The dynastine scarab beetles of the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 30: 1-298.

Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Scarabaeus aloeus Linnaeus 1758 (original combination).
Geotrupes semiramis Fabricius 1801 (synonym).
Scarabaeus aesalus Laporte 1840 (synonym).
Strategus julianus Burmeister 1847 (synonym).
Strategus piosomus Kolbe 1906 (synonym).
Strategus julianus arizonicus Schaeffer 1915 (synonym).
Strategus roosevelti Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus frontalis Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus tarsalis Casey 1915 (synonym).
Strategus gaillardi Casey 1915 (synonym).

web_Saloeus_mf

 

Description: Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus) is most commonly and widely distributed species in the genus ranged from the southern USA through Central America to central Brazil and Bolivia (Ratcliffe 1976; Ratcliffe and Cave 2017). This species in state Louisiana occurs from January to October, with peak flight period in late June to early July. (Kim and Brou 2018).  The pictured specimens are from Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana (male) and Rapides Parish, Louisiana (female).

Related Species:
1. Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
2. Strategus antaeus (Drury, 1773)
3. Strategus splendens (Palisot de Beauvois, 1809)

References:

Kim, J. and V. A. Brou, Jr. 2018. The Genus Strategus Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae) in Louisiana. The Southern Lepidopterists’ News, 40, 100-105.

Ratcliffe, B. C. 1976. A revision of the genus Strategus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 10: 93-204.

Ratcliffe, B. C. and R. D. Cave. 2017. The dynastine scarab beetles of the United States and Canada (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 30: 1-298.