Prosopocoilus astacoides blanchardi (Parry, 1873) (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae)

Prosopocoilus astacoides blanchardi (Parry, 1873)
Metopodontus blanchardi Parry, 1873 (original combination).
Prosopocoilus blanchardi Nomura and Lee, 1922 (synonym).

Prosopocoilus astacoides blanchardi_1600.jpg

Description: This species is known to occur in Mongolia, Taiwan, and South Korea (only in Jeju Island). (Kim and Kim, 2014).

Remarks: In South Korea, this species is listed under the Endangered Wild Species – Grade II on May 31, 2012 by the Ministry of Environment. (Kim and Kim, 2014).

Kim, J.-I. and S.I. Kim. (2014). Insect Fauna of Korea: Lucanidae and Passalidae, Volume 12, Number 15. National Institute of Biological Researches, Ministry of Environment, Incheon.

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Lucanus dybowskyi dybowskyi Parry, 1873 (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae)

Lucanus dybowskyi dybowskyi Parry, 1873
Lucanus dybowskyi dybowskyi Parry, 1873 (original combination).

Lucanus dybowskyi dybowskyi Parry.jpg

Comment: An only species under Lucanus, occurring in South Korea is quite common in Gangwon-do, South Korea. Adults fly to the light at night. Males are in range of 30-70mm size in general.  Pictured specimens are my personal collection from Gangwon-do, South Korea, June 2013.

Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775 (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae

Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775
Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775 (original combination).
Lucanus carlengi Angell, 1916 (synonym).


Description: Largest lucanid species occurring in North America with three sister species: L. capreolus (Linnaeus), L. mazama (LeConte), and L. placidus Say. Comparably, easily reared. sizes around 30-60mm. Reddish brown to dark brown colored. As many knwon European and Asian large Lucanus spp., it has ‘a bump’ on head. Adults attracted to the lights in summer. Personally collected one male specimen in Louisiana on July 2016. (below)

dsc01541Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775 – male
@Louisiana, 2 July 2016.

dsc01542Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775 – male
@Louisiana, 2 July 2016.


Lucanus mazama (LeConte, 1861) (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae)

Lucanus mazama (LeConte, 1861)
Dorcus mazama LeConte, 1861 (original combination).
Pseudolucanus bicostatus Angell, 1916 (synonym).


Description: A small sized species of genus Lucanus, occurring in southwestern states of the United States. Black colored; adults collected with lights; rather easily reared;

Distribution: USA: southwestern states

Specimen Size: 32mm ±1mm


Aegus laevicollis (Saunders, 1854) (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae)

Aegus laevicollis (Saunders, 1854)


Descriptions: An only species of genus Aegus occurring in southern South Korea, is very small sized and rarely collected. Known to occur in pine forest, and feed on dead pines. A detailed rearing information can be found in Korean language in Kim & Sung 2015 reference listed in the bottom.

Remark: Near Threatened species in Korean Red List.

Kim, S.I. and J.I. Kim. 2010. Review of family Lucanidae (Insecta, Coleoptera) in Korea with the description of one new species. Entomological research 40: 55-81.
Kim, J.Y. and M.H. Sung. 2015. Breeding and rearing of Aegus laevicollis. A quarterly Journal of Entomology, No. 2: 37-44. ISSN: 2384-3403.

*Pictured specimens are donated to Dr. M.J. Paulsen (University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, NE).