Phanaeus vindex Macleay, 1819 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae)

Phanaeus vindex Macleay, 1819
Phanaeus vindex Macleay, 1819 (original combination).

Phanaeus vindex Macleay 1819 - MalePhanaeus vindex Macleay 1819 - Female



Golofa clavigera clavigera (Linnaeus, 1771) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Golofa clavigera clavigera (Linnaeus, 1771)
Scarabaeus claviger Linnaeus, 1771 (original combination).
Scarabaeus hastatus Fabricius, 1781 (synonym).
Scarabaeus subgrundator Voet, 1806 (synonym).
Golofa puncticollis Thomson, 1860 (synonym).


Description: Golofa clavigera clavigera (Linnaeus) is a type species of genus Golofa, occurring in wide ranges including French Guiana, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. G. clavigera clavigera is very common among the Golofa species. Its biology has not yet been studied. Identification information can be found in Cespesdes and Ratcliffe (2010), Endrödi (1985), and Hwang (2011).


Cespesdes, A. A. and B. C. Ratcliffe. 2010. Golofa clavigera (Linnaeus, 1771) in Bolivia: a new country record (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Dynastinae). Ecologia en Bolivia 45(1): 73–76.

Endrödi, S. 1977. Monographie der Dynastinae (Coleoptera) 6. Tribus: Dynastini. II. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 23: 37-86.

Hwang, S.-M.-R. 2011. The Dynastini of the World (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Nature and Ecology (Academic Series), Volume 4. Seoul, South Korea. 368 pp.

Kim, J. 2016. Generic Guide to New World Scarab Beetles-Scarabaeidae-Dynastinae-Dynastini-Golofa. (URL: In: B.C. Ratcliffe and M.L. Jameson (eds.), Generic Guide to New World Scarab Beetles (URL:

Euetheola rugiceps (LeConte, 1856) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Euetheola rugiceps (LeConte, 1856)
Ligyrus rugiceps LeConte, 1856 (original combination).
Euetheola humilis Burmeister, 1847 (synonym).

Euetheola rugiceps.jpg

Comment: E. rugiceps (LeConte) is known to occur southeastern US and keep spreading upward to midwest states. I personally collected couple of specimens in southern Nebraska, 2014. Very common in down south. They are mostly active in between May-June to August. I have experience of collecting more than a hundred specimen in a single night with a small battery-operated blacklight within an hour. This species do not show a sexual dimorphism, therefore, genitalia must be extracted to determine the sex. In my personal collections from Shreveport, LA and Alexandria, LA, there were whole lot more females than males collected.

*Image of aedeagus will be updated in near future.

Prosopocoilus astacoides blanchardi (Parry, 1873) (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae)

Prosopocoilus astacoides blanchardi (Parry, 1873)
Metopodontus blanchardi Parry, 1873 (original combination).
Prosopocoilus blanchardi Nomura and Lee, 1922 (synonym).

Prosopocoilus astacoides blanchardi_1600.jpg

Description: This species is known to occur in Mongolia, Taiwan, and South Korea (only in Jeju Island). (Kim and Kim, 2014).

Remarks: In South Korea, this species is listed under the Endangered Wild Species – Grade II on May 31, 2012 by the Ministry of Environment. (Kim and Kim, 2014).

Kim, J.-I. and S.I. Kim. (2014). Insect Fauna of Korea: Lucanidae and Passalidae, Volume 12, Number 15. National Institute of Biological Researches, Ministry of Environment, Incheon.

Click following link to view the enlarged image:

Lucanus dybowskyi dybowskyi Parry, 1873 (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae)

Lucanus dybowskyi dybowskyi Parry, 1873
Lucanus dybowskyi dybowskyi Parry, 1873 (original combination).

Lucanus dybowskyi dybowskyi Parry.jpg

Comment: An only species under Lucanus, occurring in South Korea is quite common in Gangwon-do, South Korea. Adults fly to the light at night. Males are in range of 30-70mm size in general.  Pictured specimens are my personal collection from Gangwon-do, South Korea, June 2013.

Golofa argentina Arrow, 1911 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Golofa argentina Arrow, 1911
Golofa argentina Arrow, 1911 (original combination).

Golofa argentina_1600.jpg


Description: Golofa argentina Arrow is an endemic species occurring in Argentina. Life history or biology is not yet studied.

Kim, J. 2016. Generic Guide to New World Scarab Beetles-Scarabaeidae-Dynastinae-Dynastini-Golofa. (URL: In: B.C. Ratcliffe and M.L. Jameson (eds.), Generic Guide to New World Scarab Beetles (URL:

Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775 (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae

Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775
Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775 (original combination).
Lucanus carlengi Angell, 1916 (synonym).


Description: Largest lucanid species occurring in North America with three sister species: L. capreolus (Linnaeus), L. mazama (LeConte), and L. placidus Say. Comparably, easily reared. sizes around 30-60mm. Reddish brown to dark brown colored. As many knwon European and Asian large Lucanus spp., it has ‘a bump’ on head. Adults attracted to the lights in summer. Personally collected one male specimen in Louisiana on July 2016. (below)

dsc01541Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775 – male
@Louisiana, 2 July 2016.

dsc01542Lucanus elaphus Fabricius, 1775 – male
@Louisiana, 2 July 2016.


Chrysina gloriosa (LeConte, 1854) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae)

Chrysina gloriosa (LeConte, 1854)
Plusiotis gloriosa LeConte, 1854 (original combination).


Description: one of four species of Chrysina occurs in the U.S. This species is known to occur in the US (Arizona to western Texas) and the Mexico (Chihuahua and Sonora) and are very common species. Alive specimens can be sexed based on its coloration, male being darker green whereas female being brighter green (slight difference presented). Adults feed on foliage of Juniperus sp. Larvae can feed on dead, rotten Quercus sp., and are easily reared to adult stage. Known to fly to the lights in Arizona.

Below is reared specimens of C. gloriosa (LeConte):
L2-L3 larvae



freshly emerged specimen (dorsal)

freshly emerged specimen (ventral)


Dynastes tityus (Linnaeus, 1763) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae)

Dynastes tityus (Linnaeus, 1763)
Scarabaeus tityus Linnaeus, 1763 (original combination).

Dynastes tityus male.jpg

(Pictured specimen is reared male. Image of females will be updated in the near future.)

Description: One of two Dynastes species occurring in North America, the other one is Dynastes grantii Horn, 1870. Two species do not overlap the distribution. D. tityus occurs in Texas-Florida-New York, while D. grantii occurs in Arizona-Utah and northern Mexico. Five female specimens collected with light trap of metal halide + black light and mercury vapor + blacklight combinations from July 1st to July 6th, 2016 in central Louisiana.

Following image is one of those five females in collection site:

dsc01503(2 July 2016. @Central Louisiana)

Moore, M. R. 2006.