Digitonthophagus gazella (Fabricius, 1787) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae)

Digitonthophagus gazella (Fabricius, 1787)
Scarabaeus gazella Fabricius, 1787 (original combination).
Onthophagus gazella Fabricius (synonym).
Scarabaeus catta Fabricius, 1787 (synonym).
Scarabaeus dorcas Olivier, 1789 (synonym).
Copris antilope Fabricius, 1798 (synonym).
Copris metallicus Fabricius, 1798 (synonym).
Onthophagus intermedius Reiche, 1840 (synonym).
Onthophagus lusinganus D’orbigny, 1905 (synonym).

Digitonthophagus gazella (Fabricius)_580

Distribution: southern US states. (from east to west). Introduced from Indoafrican region, to Texas in the 1970. (Noriega et al. 2010).

Collection Sites: Louisiana (Caddo Parish, Shreveport; Rapides Parish, Alexandria)

Description: Size is 10-13mm; elytral color may vary per specimen from light yellowish brown to dark brown; male has bifid-head horn; major male has longer horn while minor male has shorter horn; horn is absent on female; adults attracted to light, and very commonly found in June-August in central Louisiana.

References:
Noriega, J.A., F.G. Horgan, T.H. Larsen & G. Valencia. 2010.
Records of an invasive dung beetle species, Digitonthophagus gazella (Fabricius, 1787) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), in Peru. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 26(2): 451-456.

Karimbumkara, S.N. 2012. “Digitonthophagus gazella – Classifications”  In Digitonthophagus gazella. Accessed 12 August 2016, available from Encyclopedia of Life, http://eol.org/pages/142016/names
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